What country did Philip II rule?

What country did Philip II rule?


What was the strongest part of the Spanish military?

Spanish Armada

What were Spanish warriors called?


What was the Spanish Fleet called that was sent to invade England?

Why did the Spanish lose the Armada?

In 1588, King Philip II of Spain sent an armada (a fleet of ships) to collect his army from the Netherlands, where they were fighting, and take them to invade England. However, an important reason why the English were able to defeat the Armada was that the wind blew the Spanish ships northwards.

How many ships were lost in the Spanish Armada?

Defeat of the Spanish Armada By the time the “Great and Most Fortunate Navy” finally reached Spain in the autumn of 1588, it had lost as many as 60 of its 130 ships and suffered some 15,000 deaths.

Did Spain ever invade England?

The Spanish Armada was one part of a planned invasion of England by King Philip II of Spain. Launched in August 1588, ‘la felicissima armada’, or ‘the most fortunate fleet’, was made up of roughly 150 ships and 18,000 men.

Who was the Queen of Great Britain for 64 years?


How long did it take the Spanish Armada to get to England?

28 Jul 2018. The Armada may have been more than two years in the making for Philip II of Spain, but its engagements with the English fleet took place over the course of just a few days in 1588.

Why did Spain want to overthrow Queen Elizabeth?

There were many reasons for this. To begin with, England was a Protestant country, and Spain was a Roman Catholic one. The Spanish made no secret of their hostility to the English Queen, who they believed was illegitimate and had no right to the English throne, and had been involved in plots to dethrone her.

Why did Spain want to invade England?

This is important to realise, as for many, it was the execution of Mary, Queen of Scots, that caused the Armada to be launched as some form of revenge against England and Elizabeth. Philip II had one simple aim, which as to replace Elizabeth and restore Catholicism back in England under a new Catholic monarch.

Did Drake circumnavigate the world?

The Famous Voyage: The Circumnavigation of the World, 1577-1580. Drake was noted in his life for one daring feat after another; his greatest was his circumnavigation of the earth, the first after Magellan’s. He sailed from Plymouth on Dec. 13, 1577.

Who was the first person who circumnavigate the earth?

Ferdinand Magellan

How did Queen Elizabeth I reward Drake for his voyage around the world?

Sent by Queen Elizabeth I to South America in 1577, he returned home via the Pacific and became the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe; the queen rewarded him with a knighthood.

How many ships did Drake return with?

English seaman Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, in the Golden Hind, becoming the first British navigator to sail the earth. On December 13, 1577, Drake set out from England with five ships on a mission to raid Spanish holdings on the Pacific coast of the New World.

Did the Golden Hind circumnavigate the world?

Golden Hind was a galleon captained by Francis Drake in his circumnavigation of the world between 1577 and 1580. …

Where did the original Golden Hind sink?


Who owned the Golden Hind?

Sir Francis Drake

Who built the Golden Hind?

Golden Hinde was commissioned by Albert Elledge and Art Blum of San Francisco, designed by naval architect Loring Christian Norgaard and built by J Hinks & Son of Appledore, The keel was laid on 30 September 1971 and construction took two years. She was launched on 5 April 1973 by Diana, Countess of Devon.

What country did Philip II rule?

What country did Philip II rule?


Where did Philip II of Spain live?


What is Philip II known for?

Synopsis. King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world’s largest empires. His reign as Spain’s king began the Golden Age, a period of great cultural growth in literature, music and the visual arts. He was also the King of England through his marriage to Mary Tudor for four years.

Where was Philip the Second of Macedon born?


How did Philip II lose his eye?

In 354 bce Philip sustained his most severe wound when he lost his right eye during the siege of Methone. 1st bce commentary on Demosthenes’ work (also drawing on Theopompus, Marsyas and Duris) – “He had his right eye cut out when he was hit by an arrow whilst inspecting siege engines during the siege of Methone”.

Is Philip better than Alexander?

Philip was a greater King; he was the one who united Greece and the one who created the powerful state and military that his son wielded so masterfully as his successor. Alexander was a greater conqueror.

Who is the father of Alexander the Great?

Philip II of Macedon

What did Alexander do in Egypt?

In 332 B.C., after Gaza was taken by siege, Alexander entered Egypt, a country that had experienced on-and-off periods of Persian rule for two centuries. On its northern coast, he founded Alexandria, the most successful city he ever built.

How tall was Alexander the Great?

about 5 feet

Did Alexander know about China?

Siege of the Sogdian Rock He wanted to conquer the entire known world, which in Alexander’s day, ended on the eastern end of India. Greeks of Alexander’s day knew nothing of China, or any other lands east of India.

Who is the greatest ruler of all time?

Top 5 Greatest Historical Rulers Of All Time

  1. Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party.
  2. Alexander The Great. Alexander the Great was a King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty.
  3. Queen Elizabeth I.
  4. Akbar.
  5. Genghis Khan.

Did Alexander died in India?

Alexander died in Babylon on 10 or 11 June 323 BC. In c. 322 BC, one year after Alexander’s death, Chandragupta Maurya of Magadha founded the Maurya Empire in India….Indian campaign of Alexander the Great.

Date 327–325 BC
Location Indus Valley
Result Macedonia conquers much of the Indus Valley, yet has to stop the advance into the Ganges Plain.

What were Alexander the Great’s last words?

His generals alleged that his last words were “to the strongest,” meaning that his empire would go to the general who could defeat the others in battle. His potential successors, known as the Diadochi, split up the military and waged a war that lasted 50 years.

Did they ever find Alexander the Great’s tomb?

Now a Cambridge University history professor says that the tomb of Alexander the Great is definitely buried there, dismissing multiple theories that the remains of the great general had been transferred elsewhere. Furthermore, his remains have never since been moved from there. “He died in Babylon.

What did Alexander say before dying?

Before immolating himself alive on the pyre, his last words to Alexander were “We shall meet in Babylon”. Thus he is said to have prophesied the death of Alexander in Babylon.

Why did Alexander fail to conquer India?

His soldiers had been demoralized after the heavy casualties at the Battle of Hydaspes. Stiff resistance by the Indian tribes decreased their morale even more. Thus, when the soldiers heard of Alexander’s plan, they refused to march further. The king had no choice but allowed them to march back home.

How did Emperor Alexander die?

After surviving battle after fierce battle, Alexander the Great died in June 323 B.C. at age 32. Some historians say Alexander died of malaria or other natural causes; others believe he was poisoned. Either way, he never named a successor.

What are some things Alexander the Great did?

Although king of ancient Macedonia for less than 13 years, Alexander the Great changed the course of history. One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India. This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.

Did Alexander ever lose a battle?

In 15 years of conquest Alexander never lost a battle. After securing his kingdom in Greece, in 334 B.C. Alexander crossed into Asia (present-day Turkey) where he won a series of battles with the Persians under Darius III.

Does Alexander deserve to be called the Great?

Alexander the Great was able to conquer many different places. He defeated the Persians after a bitter struggle. He also conquered Egypt and developed a city that he named after himself. Alexander the Great’s actions definitely allow one to conclude that the title, “The Great” was an appropriate title.

Who was the son of Alexander?

Alexander IV of Macedon

Who is the mother of Alexander the Great?


What killed Alexander?

June 323 BC

Who killed Alexander 4?


Who defeated Alexander in India?

prince Porus

Did Alexander IV become king?

Alexander IV (323-310): son of Alexander the Great. When Alexander the Great died on 11 June 323 BCE in Babylon, he was succeeded king of Macedonia and the former Achaemenid Empire by his brother Arridaeus, who accepted the throne name Philip.