What is the role of Election Commission?

What is the role of Election Commission?

In every election, it issues a Model Code of Conduct for political parties and candidates to conduct elections in a free and fair manner. The commission issued the Code of Conduct for the first time in 1971 for the 5th Lok Sabha elections and has revised it from time to time.

What is the full meaning of IEC?

International Electrotechnical Commission

Who is responsible for free and fair election in India *?

Answer: The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India.

Who conduct free and fair elections India?

Election Commission is the federal body of India which is enacted under the provisions of the Constitution, responsible for monitoring and administering all the electoral processes of India. This body is responsible for ensuring elections are free and fair, without any bias.

Who is the present Chief Election Commissioner of India?

Shri Sushil Chandra assumed office as the 24th Chief Election Commissioner of India on 13th April 2021. Shri Chandra belongs to the 1980 Batch of the Indian Revenue Service. Shri Chandra has been Election Commissioner in ECI since 15th February 2019.

Which is the largest Lok Sabha constituency of India?

As of 2014, Malkajgiri is the largest Lok Sabha constituency by number of electors with 3,183,325. It first held elections in 2009 as a constituency of the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and its first member of parliament (MP) was Sarvey Sathyanarayana of the Indian National Congress.

Which is the smallest Lok Sabha constituency in India by area?

Lakshadweep Lok Sabha constituency is the only Lok Sabha constituency, which covers the entire area of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep in India. This seat is reserved for Scheduled Tribes. As of 2014, it is the smallest Lok Sabha constituency by number of voters.

How long have we had electronic voting?

Electronic voting systems for electorates have been in use since the 1960s when punched card systems debuted. Their first widespread use was in the USA where 7 counties switched to this method for the 1964 presidential election. The newer optical scan voting systems allow a computer to count a voter’s mark on a ballot.

Who elects Election Commission?

Chief Election Commissioner of India
Election Commission of India
Nominator Government of India
Appointer President of India
Term length 6 years or up to 65 years of age (whichever is earlier)

What is the term of election commissioner?

Term of office.—The Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commissioner shall hold office. for a term of six years from the date on which he assumes his office: 1[Provided that where the Chief Election Commissioner or an Election Commissioner attains the age.

What is the full form EVM?

Electronic Voting is the standard means of conducting elections using Electronic Voting Machines, sometimes called “EVMs” in India. The electronic voting machines have been used in all general and state assembly elections of India since 2014.

How can CEC be removed?

Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed from his office by the President on the basis of a resolution passed to that effect by both the houses of parliament with a two-thirds majority in both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha on the grounds of proved misbehavior or incapacity.

How CEC can be removed class 9?

The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through impeachment by Parliament.

What are the duties of a returning officer?

The Returning Officer is responsible for the conduct of the election within a specific state electorate district. The Returning Officer co-ordinates and manages a large scale operation, within a short timeframe, delivering election specific activities within set legislated timeframes to meet the needs of stakeholders.

What is the role of the presiding officer?

make sure that voters can cast their ballot in secret. manage the attendance of those entitled to be present at the polling station – candidates, agents, police officers, representatives of the Electoral Commission and observers; make sure they do not interfere with the voting process.